The Picture above says it all. Albuquerque New Mexico is just over the little hill to the west. The Pacific (tectonic) Plate gradually collides with the North American Plate along the famous ‘San Andreas Fault’,
ever so slowly raising the Rocky Mountains by pushing the ‘Farallon Plate’
into a shallow subduction, and causing a depression across the western and interior states to gradually flood them during a time when the Eustatic, ‘Glacial melt’ temperatures were uniformly warm from Pole to Pole over the entire Earth, and sea levels were high, much higher, hundreds of feet higher than today, which is the normal status for Earth. Snow Caps and Ice Sheets are the true ‘abnormality’. Sorry Polar Bears, It doesn’t matter that you are so ‘cute’, you will just have to ‘evolve’. They all say that’s how you came ‘to exist’ anyway.
Western Interior Seaway during the mid-Cretaceous, about 100 million years before the present.
A serene setting with a magnificent shallow sea was formed up through the Western States, and extending across parts of North America for 1,600 Kilometers (1,000 miles) East towards the Apalachian Mountains. A depth not much deeper than 8 or 9 hundred Meters (2,700 feet). Large Sea Creatures as well as the prolific smaller fish to satisfy their appetites, were plentiful. The perfect Earth. It lasted for 50 to 65 million years. No People complaining that it is too warm or too cold. The shells formed and accumulated on the Eastern side of the Sandia Mountains to the East of Albuquerque, are still there today in the stratified rock formations at the 9,000 foot level. Yes it did rise quite a bit over the last 10 million years.
The temperature is nice and tropical to sub-tropical. The boat you choose for this cruise should be bigger than a runabout. I suggest a 34 foot (10 meter) Carver, with a qualified Captain that has open ocean fishing experience. Several of the Sea Creatures are quite large, some carniverous predators, and may desire a taste. How about an 18 meter (59 feet) Mosasaur? He ate anything, even other Mososaurs. One was found with a partially digested much ‘supersized’ meal in his innards. He could have gotten a real bad case of indigestion and it ‘snuffed’ him out. The proclivity for ‘Gluttony’ has existed for a long time apparently.
I do not recommend a ‘chewy’ small rubber ‘Zodiac’ like the ‘Greenpeace’ activists prefer at times. Many sea creatures are up to 18 meters (59 feet) long. The fish predator, Plesiosaur ( fabled Nessie?) fossils found in Colorado measured up to 13 meters (42 ft) with 20 feet of it being neck. The longest of all, the 24 meter (78 ft) Ichthyosaur, a very big, very predatory Dolphin found in Australia, dated from 220 to 210 mil years ago, was most likely extinct by then. Carniverous Sharks (Megalodon) at one previous time grew upwards to 52 feet (16 meters) or more, longer than busses. They weighed up to 30 tons. Prolific remaining large fossilised teeth (13 cm/5 in) and jaws are testimony. The North American Inland Seaway as it is refered to, connects the Northern Pacific (Arctic) Ocean to the gulf of Mexico. The Eastern portion runs up through what is known today as Hudson Bay.
Cruises of this shallow Sea are beautiful with sights that you have never seen before. The slowly rising Rocky Mountain Coastline, along the edge of the shallow sea, presents a new panorama with each nautical mile. Colorado, Utah Wyoming, Montana, and upwards through Canada give an awesome history lesson of times much warmer than today. The CO2 laden atmosphere is slowly accumulating in the algae and crustaceans, while producing up to 90% of the Earths Oxygen, just as today.
If you have any doubts about the length of time the ‘Cretaceous period’ lasted (about 50 mil years) just check out a few sites visible today that indicate the depth of the Calcium carbonates deposited.
The beautiful Carlsbad Caverns in southern New Mexico are the solidified ‘carbonates’ deposited during those times. I strongly suggest a visit. Standing on the edge of the high Mesa rimrock (ancient shoreline) and looking eastward toward Texas, you can imagine the vast Inland Sea stretching away over the horizon. Even today Texas and many other states up through Canada make extensive use of the limestone
that resulted from the organisms of that sea. It can be seen in the prolific building material. (limestone blocks) Driving along highways from Texas up through Kentucky and other states, will reveal the limestone stratification levels where the hills have been cut away to allow for a more level highway.
The US National Park, Carlsbad Caverns, just happen to be where we can tour inside the massive, fascinating cavities.
The massive rooms and formations are to this day still being created by the rainwater seeping down through the deposits, desolving them and re-releasing the stored CO2. “Oh no, say it isn’t so”, as a blogger friend http://varifrank.com tells about the National Parks and the openly visible volcanic action releasing stored CO2 through out History.
Today I read some information in the latest Popular Science magazine August 2007. The scientists almost claim that maybe they could have prevented this from occuring. At least they tell us that they think they can control it in the future. Just send them money and they will stop the Earth from these ‘displays of irresponsibility’.
Read the article “Engineering a Better Earth”. A lot of ‘Catastrophism Worshipers’ complaining about the Greenland Icecap retreating faster than they have observed in, what I refer to, as Recent ‘present day’ History. During times in the past, Greenland was mostly submerged in Ice, and then later, as recently as nine hundred years ago, had a climate similar to Europe.
The ‘Inuit’ from Siberia, living on the Northern shore of Greenland, reported to Greenlands ‘Viking colony’ on the southern shore, an open ‘Northwest Passage’.
The great european explorers tried many times to rediscover it but they were several hundred years too late, the 400 year ‘warming’ cycle (documented through shipping records) had ended. Only after 1850, did the cycle begin to warm again and the passage was conquered in 1906.
The lowest sea level ‘ever attained’ was 250 million years ago (Permo-triassic boundary) We are not far above that extremely low level, even today. Geologic studies show the ‘normal average’ sea level as being much, much higher with ‘ICE CAPS BEING THE RARITY’.
Only 4 to 5 times were there ‘Ice Caps’ in the history of Earth, and even then, they were ‘relatively’ brief periods, starting and ending quite rapidly.
Even all of this 50 million year Cretaceous ‘Eden’ was brought to an abrupt end around 65 million years ago, as any Dinosaur
could tell you.
by a Meteor 10 kilometers (6 mile) wide, that whacked into the Yucatan Peninsula.
Enjoy this beautiful Creation we call Earth. When the time comes, Earth ‘WILL’ repair itself…With or without Humanity.